World War II brought about many changes for all women. Women gained independence and took steps toward racial equality. Women moved beyond their roles as wives and mothers, and broke down racial barriers. They did this by taking on more responsibility at home, through managing the household budget, and providing their families with enough food from their victory garden and home preserving. Also, women worked outside the home for the Woman’s Land Army and defense factories. Women had the opportunity to enlist in the new branches of the military for women.
After the war, what happened to women and the changes that occurred for them? For some women, they were happy to go back to their role as wife and mother. For others, they did not want to go back to what was before the war. The G.I. Bill helped women that were in the military, giving them an opportunity for more education. Women took advantage of this program, and earned college degrees. In June of 1948, “President Harry S. Truman signed the Women’ Armed Service Act (Public Law 625), allowing women into the military on a full-time basis, though not in combat positions (1).” Also in July of that year, “President Truman signed Executive Order 9981, which banned racial discrimination in the US military (1).” The Women’s Movement and Civil Rights Movement came about after the war ended. World War II changed the lives of many women impacting future generations to come.